Hiv risks from oral sex

Duration: 11min 28sec Views: 1236 Submitted: 16.03.2020
Category: School
The chances of transmitting HIV through oral sex are very low. A person can still take preventive measures, such as by using a condom. HIV spreads through some bodily fluids. The virus can pass through direct contact with fluid or through sharing syringes. In this article, we describe the transmission of HIV through oral sex and give some tips for prevention. However, it might happen if someone with HIV ejaculates into the mouth of a sexual partner.

Preventing Sexual Transmission of HIV

Can HIV be transmitted through oral sex (fellatio and cunnilingus)? - NHS

As the risk of transmission through oral sex is estimated to be much lower than for vaginal and anal intercourse in the absence of antiretroviral therapy, it is implausible that the risk of transmission through oral sex is not affected in the same way as other sexual transmission risks when effective treatment suppresses viral load. When HIV is not fully supressed, the risk of HIV transmission through the mouth is certainly smaller than through vaginal or anal intercourse. If undamaged, the tissues of the mouth and throat are thought to be less susceptible to infection than genital or anal tissues, and an enzyme in saliva also acts to inhibit HIV. Very few cases of transmission through oral sex have been reported amongst gay men despite the continued practice of oral sex often with ejaculation into the mouth by large numbers of men over many years. There are no reliable reports of HIV being transmitted from the mouth to the genitals.

Can you get HIV through oral sex?

The chances of HIV being passed from one person to another depend on the type of contact. HIV is most easily spread or transmitted through unprotected anal sex, unprotected vaginal sex, and sharing injection drug equipment. Unprotected sex means sex in which no condoms or other barriers are used.
Most people who get HIV get it through anal or vaginal sex, or sharing needles, syringes, or other drug injection equipment for example, cookers. But there are powerful tools that can help prevent HIV transmission. HIV can be transmitted from a mother to her baby during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding. However, it is less common because of advances in HIV prevention and treatment. You are at high risk for getting HIV if you share needles, syringes, or other drug injection equipment for example, cookers with someone who has HIV.